ERIC Number: ED468227
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Modelling eWork in Europe: Estimates, Models and Forecasts from the EMERGENCE Project. IES Report.
Bates, P.; Huws, U.
A study combined results of a survey of employers in 18 European countries to establish the extent to which they are currently using eWork with European official statistics to develop models, estimates, and forecasts of the numbers of eWorkers in Europe. These four types of "individual" eWork were identified: telehomeworking; multilocational eWork by employees; "eLancing" (self-employed); and "eEnabled self-employment." Findings indicated there were over 9 million eWorkers in Europe in 2000; the largest single group were multilocational eWorkers, estimated at 3.7 million; employees who worked exclusively from home using information and communication technologies (ICTs) were rather rare, comprising only an estimated 810,000 in the European Union (EU) workforce in 2000; an estimated 1.45 million eLancers were supplying business services to clients using ICTs and a further 3 million-plus self-employed people whose home-based businesses were dependent on ICTs (the "eEnabled self employed"); and this made a combined total of some 4 and one-half million self-employed teleworkers across Europe, forming approximately half of the total number of teleworkers. The study concluded there is likely to be a considerable growth in individualized forms of eWork in the EU over the next decade, but this will be dependent on employers' and individuals' continuing uptake of ICTs. Tables and logistic models of eWorking are appended. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Computers, Developed Nations, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Foreign Countries, Information Technology, Self Employment, Small Businesses, Telecommunications, Teleworking
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Commission, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: Sussex Univ., Brighton (England). Inst. for Employment Studies.
Identifiers - Location: European Union