ERIC Number: ED468221
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Title IX and Equal Opportunity in Vocational and Technical Education: A Promise Still Owed to the Nation's Young Women. A Report of the National Women's Law Center.
National Women's Law Center, Washington, DC.
The extent of sex segregation in vocational and technical education (VTE) in U.S. high schools nearly 30 years after passage of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 was examined in a national study. The key findings were as follows: (1) sex segregation is pervasive in high school-level VTE nationwide; (2) sex segregation results in substantial disparities in the wages earned by female and male graduates of VTE; (3) sex segregation in VTE results in inferior educational opportunities for women and girls enrolled in "traditionally female" programs; (4) sex segregation in VTE results from discrimination in violation of Title IX; and (5) the scope of the sex segregation in VTE education has been largely ignored in the 30 years since Title IX was enacted. The following were among the 6 recommendations emerging from the study: (1) the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights should undertake compliance reviews of high school-level VTE programs; (2) all states should have an official responsible for investigating and remedying barriers to equal educational opportunity; (3) states should adopt compliance programs to prevent, identify, and remedy sex discrimination in VTE; and (4) the business community should exercise leadership, in partnership with schools, to promote nontraditional training for women. (MN)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Compliance (Legal), Educational Legislation, Educational Opportunities, Educational Trends, Employment Patterns, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Trends, Equal Education, Federal Legislation, High Schools, Information Needs, National Surveys, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Segregation, Outcomes of Education, Policy Formation, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Bias, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education, Womens Education
For full text: http://www.nwlc.org/pdf/TitleIXCareerEducationReport.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Women's Law Center, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Amendments 1972; Title IX Education Amendments 1972