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ERIC Number: ED468072
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Examining Achievement Gap between Black and White Students--A Longitudinal Study.
Zhang, Liru
Trends in the achievement gap between black and white students on Delaware state assessments were studied for 1993 to 2001 for reading and mathematics for grades 3, 5, 8, and 10, and patterns of academic achievement toward the standards were studied for black and white students from grades 3 to grade 5 and from grade 8 to grade 10 in reading and mathematics. Sample 1 included about 2,500 black students and 5,000 white students per grade for every year, and sample 2 included two groups of students with matched records across grades. The Delaware state assessments considered were the Interim Assessment Program and the Delaware Student Testing Program. Analyses included descriptive statistics, time series analysis, the log-odds ratio, and other data analyses of trends. Effect sizes show that, on average, white students scored about 70% to 90% of one standard deviation higher than black students in reading and mathematics on norm-referenced tests across the four grades, with the gap slightly greater in mathematics. For norm-referenced tests, three results of the time-series analysis suggested that the achievement gap between black and white students remained the same in grade 3, declined slightly in grades 5 and 8, and increased in grade 10 for reading. In mathematics, the gap remained similar in grades 3 and 10 and slightly declines in grades 5 and 8. With reference to standards-based assessment, the results of the time-series analysis suggest an overall rising line of the achievement gap for all grades since 1993. The gap in mathematics widened in mathematics for grades 3 and 5, but remained nearly the same for grades 8 and 10. The reading gap widened slightly overall, but no overall changes in the achievement gap between black and white students were suggested for the matched record sample of students. (Contains 14 tables and 32 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Delaware
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Delaware Student Testing Program