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ERIC Number: ED467914
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Revisiting the Paradigms of Instructional Technology.
Koschmann, Timothy
This paper revisits a previously published analysis of paradigm shifts within research on instructional technology (IT). Following Kuhn, the author uses the term "paradigm" to denote an actual scientific achievement. Used in this way, a particular experiment or research study must meet two criteria to qualify as a paradigm: it must be novel (i.e., it must be demonstratively different from those that came before), and it must be sufficiently open-ended to provide a basis for further work. In the original analysis, the author identified four paradigms operating in IT research, i.e., CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction), ITS (Intelligent Tutoring Systems), Logo-as-Latin, and CSCL (Computer Supported Collaborative Learning). This paper re-evaluates the evidence for each of these putative paradigms and attempt to sharpen the original analysis, focusing in particular on the CSCL paradigm and assessing its status as an emerging paradigm. Conducting a Kuhnian analysis of IT research is useful for at least two reasons. First, it provides a means of rationalizing and lending order to the vast range of activities that fall into this broad area of research. Second, such an analysis provides an opportunity for reflection--reflection on where the field has been and where the field might be going. (Contains 39 references.) (Author/MES)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A