ERIC Number: ED467890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Vermont's Community Service Employment Program.
Sperber, Leslie; Bloom, Dan
Vermont's Welfare Restructuring Project (WRP), which was implemented in 1994-2001, required that single-parent welfare recipients who could not find wage-paying jobs after receiving cash assistance for 30 months accept work in subsidized, minimum-wage community service employment (CSE) positions to satisfy their work requirement and improve their ability to obtain unsubsidized employment. The WRP was subjected to a comprehensive evaluation that included an analysis of data from the administrative records of its CSE component and surveys of CSE participants and their supervisors. Most CSE worksites were involved with education, public works, or social services. Although many participants were not given a choice about their CSE assignment, nearly 90% considered it very or somewhat fair that they had been required to accept a CSE assignment. Although most CSE participants viewed their CSE experience positively, only slightly more than half saw their CSE job as a way out of welfare. CSE was credited with helping participants gain/improve the following types of employment qualifications: skills required for specific jobs; basic job skills; ability to use tools and machines; academic skills; soft skills; and good work habits. Supervisors generally considered CSE useful, but stated that they could have given participants more training had the CSE positions been full time. (Contains 10 tables and 7 figures.) (MN)
Descriptors: Community Services, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Employment Qualifications, Job Development, Job Placement, Job Skills, Minimum Wage, One Parent Family, Participant Satisfaction, Program Effectiveness, Salary Wage Differentials, Skill Development, State Programs, Statewide Planning, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2002/vermont/vermont_cse_program.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Sponsor: Vermont State Dept. of Prevention, Assistance, Transition, and Health Access, Waterbury.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; New York Times Co., NY.; Open Society Inst., New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; Surdna Foundation, Inc., New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: Vermont