ERIC Number: ED467868
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
The War Relocation Camps of World War II: When Fear Was Stronger Than Justice. Teaching with Historic Places.
In spite of facing continual discrimination, Japanese and Japanese Americans living on the U.S. west coast made lives for themselves. On December 7, 1941, everything changed. After the attack on Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), individuals saw every Japanese or Japanese American as a potential spy, ready and willing to assist in a mainland invasion at any moment. In February 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed an executive order that moved nearly 120,000 Japanese and Japanese Americans into 10 isolated relocation centers in Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming. This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places files "Manzanar War Relocation Center" and "Rowher Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery," and other related materials. The lesson can be used in an U.S. history unit about World War II or in a social studies unit about human rights. It cites National History Standards, objectives for students, and materials needed. The lesson is divided into eight sections: (1) "About This Lesson"; (2) "Getting Started: Inquiry Questions"; (3) "Setting the Stage: Historical Context"; (4) "Locating the Site: Maps" (South Pacific in 1942; War Relocation Centers in the U.S.); (5) "Determining the Facts: Readings" (Fear!; "To All Persons of Japanese Ancestry...; Life in Relocation Centers); (6) "Visual Evidence: Images" (Residential Block Layouts; Evacuees Arriving, Manzanar, 1942; Residential Block, Rowher, 1943; Typical Barracks Room, Manzanar, 1942; Mess Hall, Manzanar, 1942; Remains of Security Fence, Manzanar; Manzanar with Mt. Williamson in Background, 1942; Monument to the Men of the 100th Battalion/442nd Combat Team, Rowher Memorial); (7) "Putting It All Together: Activities" (Rights of Citizens; Being There; Reactions; Lest We Forget); and (8) "Supplementary Resources." (BT)
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Curriculum Enrichment, Heritage Education, Historic Sites, Intermediate Grades, Japanese Americans, Primary Sources, Relocation, Secondary Education, Social Studies, Student Educational Objectives, United States History, World War II
Teaching with Historic Places, National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW, Suite NC400, Washington, DC 20240. Tel: 202-208-6843. For full text: http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/89manzanar/89manzanar.htm/.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. National Register of Historic Places.