ERIC Number: ED467848
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
China's Vocational Universities. ERIC Digest.
This ERIC Digest describes the development and characteristics of vocational universities (VUs) in China. In response to the demand for increased numbers of trained technical workers in the 1980's, VUs developed and the higher vocational education system in China was reformed. Currently, 101 vocational universities are in existence in China. These institutions focus their curricula on occupational and technical programs--such as optometry, nursing and industrial arts--and offer sub-baccalaureate degrees similar to American community colleges. Students enrolling in vocational universities are high school graduates who have taken the nationwide higher education entrance exam. Often, those students who may have scored lower on the entrance exam will seek education at a VU. This digest also covers topics of faculty, local governance, and funding of vocational universities. It concludes with a discussion of the difficulties these institutions face, including: ambiguity in leadership, limited funding, and discrimination because of the low status vocational education has within the Chinese higher education system. In recent years, the Ministry of Education has started new policies to expand higher vocational education beyond VUs. Certain adult institutions, junior colleges and four-year colleges now also offer vocational education as part of their curriculum. (Contains 13 references.) (JCC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Community Colleges, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Innovation, Foreign Countries, Industrial Education, Job Training, Nontraditional Education, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education
For full text: http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/ERIC/digests.html. Tel: 800-832-8256 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.
Identifiers - Location: China