ERIC Number: ED467837
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
The Development of Goal Conceptualization in Activity.
Middlebrooks, Anthony E.
This study explored children's changing conceptualizations of goal as they engaged in repeated sessions of strategy game set-up and play. Twenty-four children, aged 7 to 9, were divided into 2 groups. Each participant in the first group played a novel strategy game once a day for 5 days. Measures of game performance were collected from this group. Each participant in the second group also played five games of the same novel strategy game; however, the researcher asked questions about participants plans and goals for the game in three task phases within each session. Participants goal conceptualization was measured using researcher-created hierarchies of goal development at multiple levels of analysis. The study investigated: (1) the relationship between childrens verbalized goal conceptualization at multiple levels and game play performance; (2) the influence of the sociocultural context; (3) the influence of researcher questions on performance; and (4) patterns of change in goal conceptualization. A relationship was found between goal and performance. Findings also show several contextual influences that were conducive to more advanced goal conceptualization, and that researcher questions did not influence children's performance. Four general patterns of goal change were identified, reflecting variability in the development of children's goal conceptualization. Findings suggest an integrative, multilevel approach to examining goals, and they strengthen the link between motivation and cognition. Three appendixes contain an overview of the goals, the questions by task phase, and a discussion of goal and performance measures. (Contains 4 tables and 28 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A