ERIC Number: ED467710
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Links to the Future: The Role of Information and Telecommunications Technology in Appalachian Economic Development.
Oden, Michael; Strover, Sharon
This report documents the status of information, computing, and telecommunications (ICT) technologies in the Appalachian region, assessing their potential relationship to economic growth and the federal, state, and local policies that influence their development. Key findings include the following. Leading producers of ICT products and services have a relatively weak presence in Appalachia. Substantial infrastructure deficiencies exist in rural Appalachia. Rural Appalachia is highly dependent on incumbent telephone companies for high-speed services and basic telecommunications infrastructure. Competition can produce improved services at better prices. Federal E-rate and various state programs have enabled widespread high-speed connectivity among schools and libraries in Appalachia. However, Appalachian counties have received significantly lower per-capita funding of E-rate and rural health programs than the nation as a whole. Lack of information combined with access barriers limit the effective adoption of ICT and network services across Appalachia. Dissemination of information regarding ICT hardware, software and connectivity integration is under-supplied by the market, especially in rural areas. ICT access and capacity barriers disadvantage economic development in rural Appalachian counties. Limited ICT access and use was found to be a particular problem for the health care sector in rural communities. Appalachian states have adopted a range of policies to enhance access to telecommunications infrastructure in rural areas. Case studies in Mississippi and Virginia underscored the significance of the broader economic and demographic context for the relationship between telecommunications and economic development. Policy options are offered. Seven appendices present study information. (Contains 87 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Information Technology, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Technology Uses in Education, Telecommunications
For full text: http://www.arc.gov/images/reports/telecomm/telecomstudy-final.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Appalachian Regional Commission, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin.