ERIC Number: ED467629
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Children out of School. Issues.
Department for International Development, London (England).
This paper aims to provide a clear understanding of the circumstances of children who are not in school, as a background for a step-change in national and international efforts to make progress toward the Millennium Development Goals of achieving Universal Primary Education (UPE) by 2015 and the elimination of gender disparities in primary and secondary schooling by 2005. The analysis draws on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Education for All (EFA) 2000 Assessment, including the headline figure that some 113 million children of school age were not enrolled in school in 1998 -- one child in every five. It should be recognized that the statistical base is weak, and all the figures used in the paper should be regarded as broad orders of magnitude. It is equally important to underline that enrollment figures understate the extent of the deficit in providing a basic education of good quality. It is widely accepted that between four and six years of schooling are needed if the key skills of literacy and numeracy are to be retained and to provide the basis for further learning. Completion rates are low for girls, and even in countries with high rates of enrollment, only a much smaller proportion of either gender actually complete their primary education. The paper assesses what is known of children out of school by region and country, and by gender and circumstance. It then suggests how to make a reality of the international pledge at Dakar, at the World Education Forum (2000), that no countries seriously committed to education for all will be thwarted in their achievement of this goal by lack of resources. Appended are: Efforts Required to Achieve UPE (Universal Primary Education) by 2015; and Classification of Countries According to an Enrollment Gender Parity Index. (Contains 28 notes and 2 tables.) (BT)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Childhood Needs, Developing Nations, Educational Development, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Gender Issues, Social Problems
Department for International Development, 1 Palace Street, London SW1E 5HE, United Kingdom. Tel: 020-7917-7000; Fax: 020-7917-0019; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.dfid.gov.uk/.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department for International Development, London (England).