ERIC Number: ED467515
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-May
Improving Student Performance in Reading Comprehension through the Use of Multiple Intelligences.
Gaines, Darren; Lehmann, Donna
This report describes a project for improving reading comprehension through the use of multiple intelligences. The action research took place from September 2001 to January 2002. The targeted population consisted of fourth grade students living in two suburbs of a major metropolitan city. The two communities range from low income to upper middle class socioeconomic status. The problem was noted in literature by researchers that found that students were faltering in the area of reading comprehension. The problem was documented further through data collected from surveys, teacher-constructed tests, district-adopted tests, Illinois Standard Achievement Tests (ISAT), Burns and Roe's Informal Reading Inventories, and anecdotal records. Analysis of the probable cause data, as well as the professional literature revealed that several possible reasons existed for students' deficiency in the area of reading comprehension. Students lacked sufficient strategies to enable them to construct meaning from text. A review of the solution strategies suggested by experts in the field of reading, combined with an analysis of the problem setting, resulted in this intervention: the use of Multiple Intelligence strategies to improve reading comprehension. The effect of this intervention was demonstrated through improved reading comprehension as measured by district-adopted achievement tests, teacher-constructed tests, and Burns & Roe's Informal Reading Inventories, and anecdotal records. Across both sites, reading comprehension improved. Students focused upon new strategies and enhanced their current levels of performance in the academic area. Appendixes contain survey instruments, checklists, self assessment forms, and blank forms for reflective journal entries and a predicting chart. (Contains 77 references, and 7 tables and 4 figures of data.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master of Arts Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University and SkyLight Professional Development Field-Based Master's Program.