ERIC Number: ED467124
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
How Are Maori Learners with Special Needs Faring?
Bevan-Brown, Jill; Bevan-Brown, Winston
New Zealand's Special Education Policy Guidelines state that a learner's language and culture comprise a vital context for learning and development and must be considered when planning programs. During 1999-2001, surveys and interviews examined whether the needs of Maori students in special education were being met. Over the 3-year period, data were gathered at 619-743 English-medium schools each year. A Maori-developed survey was completed at 32 Maori-medium schools in 1999 and 49 such schools in 2001, and 166 parents of Maori learners with special needs were consulted. The degree of satisfaction with special education policy initiatives varied across initiatives. Relatively few English-medium schools were implementing culturally appropriate programs or provisions for Maori students. Respondents at English-medium schools identified three major challenges limiting schools' responsiveness to Maori students with special needs: lack of parental support and involvement, insufficient funding, and lack of educators with Maori language and cultural expertise. In addition, data indicate that many educators held negative and stereotypical attitudes toward Maori students and parents and discounted the importance of culturally appropriate services. In Maori-medium schools, the major challenges were lack of services in the Maori language, shortage of special educators with Maori language and cultural knowledge, and lack of Maori-relevant assessment measures. Recommendations are suggested for improving special education services for Maori students. (SV)
Descriptors: Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Maori (People), Parent Attitudes, Parent Participation, Satisfaction, School Surveys, Special Education, Teacher Attitudes
For full text: http://www.aare.edu/01pap/bev01117.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand