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ERIC Number: ED467044
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-May
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
The Practice and Promise of Prison Programming. Research Report.
Lawrence, Sarah; Mears, Daniel P.; Dubin, Glenn; Travis, Jeremy
This study focused on employment-related programs in prison, exploring what the research literature tells about the effectiveness of prison-based education, vocational training, and prison industry on postrelease outcomes. Also studied was the state of practice of such programs and strategic opportunities for improving existing employment-related programs and introducing new programs in prison. Following a review of evaluation research on the effectiveness of education and work-related programs, an inventory of programs in seven states in the Great Lakes region was conducted. Based on the literature review, state profiles, and interviews with correctional administrators and experts, strategic recommendations were developed to improve and enhance prison programming. A conference on correctional programming in September 2001 afforded an additional opportunity to obtain views and research on such programs. Fewer than 15% of inmates receive programming that addresses their educational needs. The work experience and skills of inmates are well below those of the general population, and, overall educational and vocational prison programming has declined for a combination of economic reasons and growth in the number of inmates. The preliminary findings highlight the need for a much more systematic assessment of these issues, but they do suggest that researchers have developed important groundwork in the area of correctional programming. There are core principles that effective programming should reflect. The gap between programming need and resources appears to be considerable, but opportunities for improving and enhancing correctional programming do exist. (Contains 2 figures, 5 tables, and 32 references.) (SLD)
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; Web site: For full text:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC. Justice Policy Center.
Note: For other reports in the Research for Safer Communities project, see ED 449 239, UD 034 780, UD 034 904, and UD 034 951. Contains small print.