ERIC Number: ED467027
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Policies and Higher Education in the United States.
Prisco, Anne; Hurley, Alicia D.; Carton, Thomas C; Richardson, Richard C., Jr.
The purpose of this report is to describe U.S. federal policies that have helped to shape the context within which state systems of higher education operated during the past decade. It also presents descriptive statistics about the higher education enterprise in the United States, including available performance data. The report is based on the scholarly literature, official reports and documents, archived data, and a series of interviews with Washington-based higher education representatives and congressional staff. The report uses a model that distinguishes three general areas of inquiry: the policy environment, the rules of the game, and performance. It is evident that the rules of the game have changed at the federal level in the past decade. There is no less emphasis on need-based grants and more on subsidized loans. Low-income and underserved populations remain a federal concern, but the middle class has become the focus in the majority of new initiatives. Direct lending has altered the role of the federal government in relation to institutions, and tax credits have shifted the focus of federal financial aid dollars to the middle class. Institutions must now report more information than they would like about behaviors, activities, and outcomes that have not been a matter of federal concern previously. New standards have been defined in areas such as student loan default rates, and the federal government takes more of a role in accreditation. Public opinion, however, seems solidly on the side of more, rather than less, oversight. (Contains 70 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alliance for International Higher Education Policy Studies, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey; New Mexico