ERIC Number: ED466979
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Negative Evidence in Language Classroom Activities: A Study of Its Availability and Accessibility to Language Learners.
Pica, Teresa; Washburn, Gay N.
Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, v18 n1 Spr 2002
This study identified and described the ways in which negative evidence was made available and accessible to learners during two widely practiced classroom activities. One was a teacher-led discussion that emphasized communication of subject matter content. The other was a teacher-led sentence construction exercise that focused on application of grammatical rules. Data were collected on adult, pre-academic English language learners during six discussions that centered on reactions to American film and literature and six sets of exercises that required construction of individual sentences. Findings revealed little availability of negative evidence in the content-based discussions. Responses to students were primarily topic related back-channels and continuation moves, as their fluent, multi-error texts on content topics appeared to limit obvious opportunities for provision of negative evidence. Much greater availability and accessibility of negative evidence were found in the sentence construction exercises. Responses informed students of their inaccuracies, as the words and phrases they supplied in completing individual sentences set up conditions for followup evaluation of their accuracy. (Contains 58 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A