ERIC Number: ED466928
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar-12
Reference Count: N/A
Utilizing Workforce Investment Act Programs and TANF To Provide Education and Training Opportunities To Reduce Poverty among Low-Income Women. Testimony [before the] House Education and the Workforce Committee, Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness.
Workforce Investment Act (WIA) and the TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) programs can be coordinated in a number of ways, some of them especially focused on women. For example, research suggests the following: (1) WIA and TANF can be coordinated to improve low-income women's human capital development; (2) many states and localities intend to use the Workforce Investment Act to provide high quality training; (3) research shows that women experience low wages, poor job quality, and continuing poverty following welfare reform; (4) most welfare recipients and former recipients need skill development to get good jobs; (5) job training and education increase earnings and employment; and (6) education and training improves child well-being. Recommendations for the future include expanding state flexibility and allocating resources to provide quality education and training; removing TANF's 12-month limit on vocational education and training; articulating and expanding the types of education and training that can count as work; eliminating the arbitrary 30 percent cap on education and training; and maintaining or increasing levels of funding for training and education through the Workforce Investment Act. (Contains 43 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Coordination, Employed Women, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Females, Human Capital, Institutional Cooperation, Job Training, Low Income Groups, Outcomes of Education, Poverty, Program Effectiveness, Skill Development, Vocational Education, Welfare Recipients
For full text: http://www.iwpr.org/pdf/testimony31202.html.
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Women's Policy Research, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families; Workforce Investment Act 1998