ERIC Number: ED466903
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
An Exploration of Paradox: High School and College Students' Self-Reported Motivations for Smoking.
Austin, Megan K.; Brosh, Joanne; Chambliss, Catherine
This study explored experiential factors underlying cigarette smoking by administering a questionnaire consisting of the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale and items assessing smoking habits and motivations to 115 college students and 108 high school students. Directionally adjusted items were totaled to create summary scores for the four hypothesized motivational factors underlying smoking. Paired sample t-tests indicated the presence of significant differences between all possible factor combinations. The rank-order of these factors, in descending order were: relaxation effects, competence effects, stimulant effects, and image effects. A median split was used to divide participants into high and low self-esteem groups. Those with low self-esteem were more likely to report concerns about image as a reason for deciding to smoke. Examination of nonsmoker motivations revealed significant differences between the primary reason cited, health concerns, and all other reasons. Nonsmokers rated the following factors as similarly determinative of their decision to refrain: dont want to lose control or become hooked, dont want to disappoint people I care about, dont like the taste, against my values, interferes with my athletic activities, people in my family have had problems, and costs too much. These findings may facilitate the construction of more effective anti-smoking interventions. (Contains 38 references and 5 tables.) (Author/GCP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Supported by a grant from the 2002 Ursinus Fellows Program.