ERIC Number: ED466886
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar-4
Reference Count: N/A
How Are Immigrants Faring after Welfare Reform? Preliminary Evidence from Los Angeles and New York City. Final Report.
Capps, Randy; Ku, Leighton; Fix, Michael; Furgiuele, Chris; Passel, Jeff; Ramchand, Rajeev; McNiven, Scott; Perez-Lopez, Dan; Fielder, Eve; Greenwell, Michael; Hays, Tonya
In 1999 and 2000, immigrants in Los Angeles, California, and New York, New York were aurveyed about their status in the context of welfare reform, examining the living conditions of 3,447 immigrant families roughly 3 years after welfare reform was implemented and several months before the federal government issued guidance about the public charge implications of benefits participation. Results were augmented with follow-up interviews with 200 households, analysis of data about native-born families from the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey, and analysis of the Urban Institute's National Survey of America's Families. About 30 percent of immigrants were poor, and poverty rates were twice as high as rates for native citizens. Immigrants tended to have lower incomes despite high labor force attachment. Many respondents reported food insecurity; moderate hunger; trouble paying rent, mortgage, or utilities; and lack of health insurance. Relatively small shares of low-income immigrant families reported receiving benefits like food stamps, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or Medicaid. Nearly 40 percent of respondents did not completely understand program eligibility. Four appendixes present survey methodology; editing and imputation; measurement of food insecurity; and food stamp receipt, loss and reduction. (Contains 55 references, 30 tables, and 7 figures.) (SM)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Employment, Family Needs, Health Insurance, Housing Needs, Hunger, Immigrants, Immigration, Limited English Speaking, Poverty, Urban Areas, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; Web site: http://www.urban.org. For full text: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/immigrants-faring02/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.; California Univ., Los Angeles.
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles); New York (New York)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families