ERIC Number: ED466838
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Innovators Under Duress: Community College Initiatives in "Work First" Settings.
This report examines the effect that welfare reform in a strongly "work first" setting has had on community college programs for welfare recipients. The report looks at two community colleges in New York: Hostos Community College in the South Bronx and La Guardia Community College in Queens. Research data is drawn from interviews with 27 key program personnel and students, along with program material provided by the institutions. A follow-up survey of all community colleges in New York City was conducted to place the two sites in perspective. Findings indicate that 65% of New York City colleges interviewed have, and track, TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) recipients among their students, but only 35.3% have support staff dedicated to supervising TANF-receiving students, and host programs for them. The City University of New York (CUNY) developed a special program for welfare students in 1993: College Opportunity to Prepare for Employment (COPE). CUNY works with the city's Human Resources Administration (HRA) to develop educational programming and services for the poor. Federal laws forced COPE to undergo significant changes, however. For instance, the HRA increased the workforce requirement to a 35-hour work week and reduced Training Related Expenses (TRE), which include welfare stipends, childcare, transportation, and lunch expenses, to 12 months. Contains 30 references and 11 tables. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: New School for Social Research, New York, NY.