ERIC Number: ED466832
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Education Reforms in Chile, 1980-98: A Lesson in Pragmatism. Country Studies: Education Reform and Management Publication Series.
This paper examines the last 2 decades of basic education reform in Chile with an emphasis on institutional and political dimensions. Chapter 1 centers on how the government has reoriented the formal and informal rules and incentives governing the behavior of teachers, parents, and administrators in an effort to produce greater system efficacy and improved student achievement. In Chapter 2, attention turns to the impact and outcomes that institutional changes and pedagogical innovations have had on the education system, particularly in regard to quality, equity, and efficiency. Chapter 3 highlights lessons from Chile's experience that are relevant for policymakers and education development specialists in other countries. The main findings of this report are that the Chilean reform process of the 1990s is unique in combining elements of different educational models; that full-fledged, sustainable reform involves linking what happens in the school and classroom with the rest of the educational system; and that implementing a complex reform, such as the 1996 Full School Day initiative, requires changing both formal and informal educational rules and structures, as well as culture. An annex contains tables of student test scores and educational finance statistics. (Contains 95 references.) (RT)
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Educational Development, Educational Improvement, Educational Innovation, Educational Practices, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
The World Bank, Education Reform and Management Team, Human Development Network-Education, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 202-473-1825; Fax: 202-522-3233.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Chile