ERIC Number: ED466823
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Implementing School-Based Merit Awards: Chile's Experience. Technical Notes. Country Studies: Education Reform and Management Publication Series.
McMeekin, Robert W.
Chile has introduced a system of merit awards to schools called the National System to Evaluate School Performance (SNED). This paper provides information on the characteristics of the SNED approach to providing incentives to improve the quality of education. Key features of the SNED system are as follows: Awards go to school establishments, not individual teachers; schools are stratified so competition is between relatively comparable establishments; awards go to schools constituting 25 percent of the enrollment in each stratum; Chile's national student assessment system (SIMCE) provides an important part of the basis on which school performance is evaluated; awards are fully competitive; and teachers and school directors express reasonable satisfaction with the SNED system. The distribution of SNED awards across schools receiving voucher payments is roughly equal. A system of merit awards to schools involves lower information and transaction costs than merit pay to individual teachers. A problem that may arise is how to manage the awards over time. Another potential problem would arise if teachers altered their behavior in undesirable ways to win awards, such as focusing teaching efforts only on the subjects tested in SIMCE; there is no evidence of this behavior at this time. (RT)
Descriptors: Awards, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Incentives, Merit Rating, Performance, Recognition (Achievement), School Effectiveness
The World Bank, Education Reform and Management Team, Human Development Network-Education, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 202-473-1825; Fax: 202-522-3233; For full text: http://www1.worldbank.org/education/globaleducationreform/pdf/hanson/pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Chile