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ERIC Number: ED466773
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Style and the Experiencing of Cognitive Demands of the Work Environment and Sources of Job Satisfaction among Employees in SMEs.
Lofstrom, Erika
This study examined cognitive, that is, information processing, style and its relationship to the experiencing of sources of job satisfaction/dissatisfaction and cognitive demands of the work environment among employees in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The aim of the study was to gain a more thorough understanding of the role of cognitive style in work contexts. The objective was to investigate whether and how intuitive and analytic cognitive styles are related to the experiencing of the work environment as well as to intrinsic and extrinsic sources of job satisfaction/dissatisfaction. Data was collected from 228 managers and workers in service and production industry jobs in Finland through modified translations of the Cognitive Style Index (C. Allinson and J. Hayes, 1996) and the Academic Environment Index (E. Sadler-Smith and J. Little, 1998). In addition, data on sources of job satisfaction/dissatisfaction were collected from 126 employees in the sample through 2 open-ended qualitative interview questions. The qualitative responses were content analyzed and categorized, and each subject was given a rating for further statistical analyses, which included exploratory factor analysis, analysis of variance, and general linear modeling. There are significant differences in cognitive style between respondents in different positions, with different levels of education and different age groups, but there appears to be no clear relationship between cognitive style and sources of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Knowledge about employees cognitive style may be utilized by human resources managers in recruitment, employee selection, workforce planning, job design, team composition, training, and development. (Contains 49 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland