ERIC Number: ED466686
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-May
Reference Count: N/A
A Closer Look at Changes in Children's Living Arrangements in Low-Income Families. Policy Brief. Welfare, Children & Families: A Three-City Study.
Cherlin, Andrew J.; Fomby, Paula
This report presents data from a sample of children in low-income families in Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; and San Antonio, Texas, whose caregivers completed interviews between March and December of 1999 and then again 16 months later as part of the Three-City Study. It draws implications for welfare policies that focus on encouraging the formation of two-parent families. The percentage of children living with two adults (including biological, step, and adoptive parents) increased from 34 to 38 percent between the first and second interviews. The increase was strongest among African Americans and Puerto Ricans. Virtually all of the increase involved a mother and a man who was not the child's biological father. The percentage of children living with both biological parents did not increase. More of the increase occurred through cohabitation than through marriage. Over 40 percent of mothers who were cohabiting at the first interview had ended the relationship by the second interview, and 16 percent had married. About 18 percent of mothers who were married at the first interview had separated by the second interview. Overall, 22 percent of children had experienced a change in their mother's living arrangement during the interval. (SM)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Family Status, Family Structure, Low Income Groups, One Parent Family, Stepfamily, Welfare Services
Johns Hopkins University, Welfare, Children & Families Study, 3003 North Charles Street/Annex, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21218-3855. Tel: 410-516-8920; Fax: 410-516-0601; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.jhu.edu/~welfare.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Woods Fund of Chicago, IL.; Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Boston Foundation, MA.; Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.; Social Security Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago); Massachusetts (Boston); Texas (San Antonio)