ERIC Number: ED466655
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Arab Republic of Egypt: An Economic Analysis of Early Childhood Education/Development.
Janssens, Wendy; Van Der Gaag, Jacques; Tanaka, Shinichiro
Within Egypt's national framework for improving access to and quality of education, the government has announced the intention of enlarging compulsory basic education with 1 or 2 years of preschool. This report to the World Bank examines early childhood development (ECD) in Egypt from an economic and financial perspective. Following an executive summary and introductory remarks, the report is organized in seven chapters. Chapter 1 describes the current state of young children in Egypt and compares human development indicators in Egypt and other Arab and lower-middle income countries. Chapter 2 reviews long-term consequences of early childhood deprivation and summarizes international evidence on ECD benefits. Chapter 3 gives an overview of the current provision of ECD services in Egypt, including kindergarten and nurseries. The remainder of the report focuses on kindergartens because of the lack of data from nursery programs. Chapter 4 provides a cost-benefit analysis of ECD programs in the Egyptian context. Chapter 5 projects the costs of the intended expansion based on population data, current enrollment, and public expenditures. Chapter 6 reviews the current financial provisions for ECD and offers alternatives from international practice for financing a large-scale expansion of ECD services. Chapter 7 asserts that under very conservative impact assumptions, kindergarten expansion is highly desirable from an economic perspective. Benefit-cost ratios average around 2.3, with ratios as high as 5.8 from programs targeted to children most at risk. The report's six appendices include information on enrollment in pre-primary and primary school by age, child mortality rates, the net present value of ECD interventions, estimate of unit costs for kindergarten, projection of expenditures for kindergarten, and kindergarten fees. (Contains 10 tables, 10 figures, 18 notes, and 28 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Egypt