ERIC Number: ED466642
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-May
Reference Count: N/A
Benchmarking and Alignment of Standards and Testing. CSE Technical Report.
Rothman, Robert; Slattery, Jean B.; Vranek, Jennifer L.; Resnick, Lauren B.
The success of standards-based education systems depends on two elements: strong standards and assessments that measure what the standards expect. States that have, or adopt, test-based accountability programs claim that their tests are aligned to their standards. But there has been, up to now, no independent methodology for checking alignment. This paper describes and illustrates such a methodology and reports results on a sample of state tests. The protocol reviewers use to analyze alignment considers four dimensions to be central in determining the degree of alignment between an assessment and standards: (1) content centrality; (2) performance centrality; (3) challenge; and (4) balance and range. This Achieve alignment protocol has been applied to the tests of more than 10 states, but for this study, data from 5 states are used. In general, individual test items are reasonably well-matched to the standards they are meant to assess. However, the collection of such items in a test tend to measure only a few of the less challenging standards and objectives. As a result, few state tests can be said to be well-aligned assessments of challenging standards. (Contains 2 tables, 11 figures, and 8 references.) (Author/SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Benchmarking, Curriculum, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, State Programs
Center for the Study of Evaluation, National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Graduate School of Education & Information Studies, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1522. Tel: 310-206-1532. For full text: http://www.cse.ucla.edu.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.; California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.