ERIC Number: ED466435
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Ideas about Shelter Expressed by Third Graders from Vertical/Urban versus Horizontal/Suburban Communities in the United States.
Brophy, Jere; O'Mahony, Carolyn; Alleman, Janet
The traditional K-3 social studies curriculum has focused on food, clothing, shelter, communication, transportation, and other cultural universals. Very little information exists about children's prior knowledge and thinking (including misconceptions) about these topics. A study was designed to provide such information with respect to the topic of shelter. An earlier study described developments across grades K-3 in shelter-related knowledge possessed by students living in a primarily horizontal, low density Michigan suburb. This study compared the interviews from the third graders (n=24) in the previous study with interviews of third graders (n=35) from families living in primarily vertical, high density New York City (Manhattan); 18 were primarily high socioeconomic status students from the Upper West Side, and 17 were primarily low socioeconomic status students from Harlem. Each sample was stratified according to achievement level and gender. Analyses indicated that differences occurred because the Harlem students had less knowledge to bring to bear and therefore were less able to answer the questions (or provided relatively less complete and accurate responses). Otherwise, the response patterns were more similar than different, although each group displayed certain tendencies interpretable as reflective of its geographic location or socioeconomic circumstances. Appended are the shelter interview and relationships of coding categories to school locations data. (Contains 33 references.) (Author/BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan