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ERIC Number: ED466420
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun-21
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The U.S. Recognition of the State of Israel. Teaching with Documents.
National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
In 1917, Chaim Weizmann persuaded the British government to issue a statement (later called the Balfour Declaration) favoring the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. Because of the arrival of many Jews in Palestine in the 1930s and Arab fears about Palestine's future, guerrilla fighting broke out between the two groups. When U.S. President Harry Truman took office, he made clear his sympathies were with the Jews and accepted the Balfour Declaration, explaining that it was in keeping with former President Woodrow Wilson's principle of self determination. Truman initiated several studies of the Palestine situation that supported his belief that, as a result of the Holocaust, Jews were oppressed and in need of a homeland. On May 14, 1948, the Provisional Government of Israel proclaimed a new state of Israel. President Truman released a statement of recognition without notifying his delegates to the United Nations first. This lesson plan uses that statement of recognition (a press release) as one of its primary source documents. The lesson provides an historical overview of Israel's beginnings; identifies the correlations for National History Standards and National Civics and Government Standards; presents discussion questions for analyzing the document; suggests further research; and lists terms to define. Contains a photocopy of Truman's press release and a telegram from the U.S. State Department alerting its foreign personnel about the situation. Also contains a written document analysis worksheet. (BT)
National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001. Tel: 866-272-6272 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-837-0483; e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Israel