ERIC Number: ED466278
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare-to-Work Initiatives in California and Los Angeles: Los Angeles City College & Los Angeles Trade Technical College.
Melendez, Edwin; de Montrichard, Alexandra
This paper reviews the changes in federal requirements for welfare recipients and the response by California's community colleges, in particular Los Angeles City College (LACC) and Los Angeles Trade Technical College (LATTC), to welfare-to-work legislation. In 1985, the California Legislature enacted GAIN (Greater Avenues for Independence) as its new welfare reform bill. The changes instituted by the federal Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) welfare reform bill in 1988 were incorporated into the GAIN program. California instituted the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program in response to the 1996 federal welfare-to-work legislation. CalWORKs will be implemented as GAIN ends. The State allocated $65 million to community colleges for development or expansion of programs and services for CalWORKs recipients. A total of 2,550 welfare recipients are enrolled at LACC, and 3,300 attend LATTC. The Los Angeles County Department of Public and Social Services (LADPSS) determines what educational programs are considered to be directly related to employment and thus qualify as work activities. This paper details the CalWORKs program requirements and restrictions, as well as the programs that have been developed at LACC and LATCC to help students meet these requirements. (NB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Community Colleges, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Legislation, Educationally Disadvantaged, English (Second Language), High School Equivalency Programs, Job Training, Legislation, Poverty Programs, Two Year Colleges, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.newschool.edu/milano/cdrc/research.html.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New School Univ., New York, NY. Community Development Research Center.; Massachusetts Univ., Boston. Mauricio Gaston Inst. for Latino Community Development and Public Policy.