ERIC Number: ED466272
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Community Colleges as Primary Skill Developers and Labor Market Intermediaries: Fresno City College.
Melendez, Edwin; Suarez, Carlos
This document describes the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program, which California instituted in response to the 1996 federal welfare-to-work legislation. The CalWORKs program also has the mandate to develop employment opportunities for welfare students. Community colleges are required to spend their CalWORKs funds in five different areas: childcare, work/study, curriculum development and redesign, job development, and coordination. Approximately 4,000 students at Fresno City College (FCC) are welfare recipients. Many of these students are in their early 20s, lack a high school diploma, and have limited work histories. The FCC CalWORKs program provides academic counseling, classes, and individual plan assessment to an average of 640 CalWORKs students annually. It also screens and matches students with local employers. Through collaboration with several organizations, FCC CalWORKs generated funds to expand student services by creating eight vocational training centers situated in different local communities. Prior to enactment of welfare reform, welfare students were allowed to participate in programs that lasted up to two and a half years. Now that the programs have been shortened, new approaches have been put into practice at FCC, including 18-day, 36-day, and 56-day segments in the Business Division which offer Certificates of Completion and Certificates of Achievement. (Contains 21 references.) (NB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Community Colleges, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Legislation, Educationally Disadvantaged, English (Second Language), High School Equivalency Programs, Job Training, Legislation, Poverty Programs, Two Year Colleges, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.newschool.edu/milano/cdrc/research.html.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New School Univ., New York, NY. Community Development Research Center.; Massachusetts Univ., Boston. Mauricio Gaston Inst. for Latino Community Development and Public Policy.