ERIC Number: ED466245
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Community Colleges and the Equity Agenda: The Potential of Non-Credit Education.
Grubb, W. Norton; Badway, Norena; Bell, Denise
This paper argues that non-credit community college courses can reach more educationally and economically disadvantaged students and better serve them in their pursuit of short-term and long-term goals. The report suggests that these courses are more flexible, less impersonal and bureaucratic, and are more likely to be in community-based facilities, closer to where low-income students live. Non-credit community college education shares the dilemmas of community colleges in general: inadequate funding, over-use of adjunct faculty, and low respect. The paper argues that non-credit education in community colleges represents yet another form of the stratification within postsecondary education, with elite universities at the top, and short-term job training and adult education programs at the very bottom. The report stresses the need to confront and overcome the fundamental inequities in all of higher education, including non-credit programs. Stratification within the community colleges has been furthered through the over-employment of part-time faculty in non-credit programs. The report looked at programs in four community colleges--in one of those programs, there were 12 full-time instructors and 172 part-time or adjunct faculty. Funding issues come into play here. In California, for example, the funding per FTE student is $3,800 per student for credit courses, while it is $1,900 for non-credit students. (Contains 30 references.) (NB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Community Colleges, Compensatory Education, Criminals, Disabilities, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Opportunities, Educationally Disadvantaged, Immigrants, Institutional Role, Low Income Groups, Minority Groups, Noncredit Courses, Nontraditional Students, Poverty, Two Year Colleges, Working Poor
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Metropolitan Life Foundation.; Jobs for the Future, Boston, MA.; California Univ., Berkeley.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Prepared for the Metlife Foundation Community College Excellence Awards Initiative, Jobs for the Future. Supported with funds from the David Gardner Chair in Higher Education, University of California, Berkeley.