ERIC Number: ED466241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Oct
Community Colleges as Labor Market Intermediaries: Building Career Ladders for Low Wage Workers.
This paper addresses the role community colleges can play in moving the working poor toward economic independence. Since Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) was enacted in 1996, there have been many new job openings in the country. But, employment and earnings prospects for job seekers leaving the welfare system are dismal. TANF clients are filling jobs in the service sector that pay near-minimum wage. In 1963, 35% of the labor force worked in low-paying jobs, but by 1998 that figure had risen to 63%. Community college vocational programs are uniquely poised to provide the training needed for low-wage workers to advance into better-paying jobs. The author examines the programs offered at three community colleges, each of which illustrates innovation in focusing on career ladders or wage progression. The schools are Shoreline Community College, Washington; South Seattle Community College, Washington; and Community College of Denver, Colorado. Three programs were established at Shoreline using funds from the Department of Social and Health Services. South Seattle uses modules as a way to divide a longer course or program into manageable segments with job advancement connected to each of them. And Denver's Essential Skills program accents the importance of relationships in the process of learning. (Contains 32 references.) (NB)
Descriptors: College Students, Community Colleges, Economic Development, Economically Disadvantaged, Labor Force Development, Low Income Groups, Poverty Programs, Public Policy, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Working Poor
For full text: http://www.aacc.nche.edu. For full text: http://www.newschool/milano/cdrc/research.html.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: New School Univ., New York, NY. Community Development Research Center.