ERIC Number: ED466102
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
National Testing and Diversity.
This paper examines the direct relationship between curriculum, instruction, and evaluation, suggesting that following a national curriculum and preparing students to take national examinations requires diverse teaching materials, teaching methodologies, and testing techniques to train students to apply their cognitive skills to thinking, reasoning, and problem solving. The paper discusses diverse teaching strategies and techniques to follow in writing tests to prepare students for national examinations. Strategies include preparing lesson and unit plans; motivating students to learn; creating a climate for teaching; using textbook and curriculum guides effectively; using varied teaching skills; and maintaining classroom discipline. Suggestions for teaching writing skills include discussing themes and working with students in groups on those themes; providing a variety of reading materials that highlight different uses of English; and building on students' experiences. Teachers must control the difficulty and clarity of test items they write. Test structure and choice of test items should be conducive to learning, and every test item should be defensible. Three features of measurement are essential for ensuring instructional quality (e.g., repeated testing on material of comparable difficulty must recur over time, and measurement must incorporate valid indicators of the critical outcomes of instruction. (Contains 16 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Development, Elementary Secondary Education, National Curriculum, National Standards, Standardized Tests, Student Evaluation, Teaching Methods, Teaching Skills, Test Construction, Thinking Skills, Writing Instruction, Writing Skills
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual IALS Symposium for Language Teacher Educators (8th, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, November 15-17, 2000).