ERIC Number: ED466013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-May
Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates.
Fein, Robert A.; Vossekuil, Bryan; Pollack, William S.; Borum, Randy; Modzeleski, William; Reddy, Marisa
Since June 1999, the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Secret Service have been working as a team to better understand--and ultimately help prevent--school shootings in America. Findings indicated that incidents of targeted violence in school were rarely impulsive; that the students who perpetrated attacks usually planned them out in advance with planning behavior that was often observable; and that, prior to most attacks, other children knew that the attack was to occur. This document uses these findings to create a process for identifying, assessing, and managing students who may pose a threat of targeted violence in schools. Eight chapters include: (1) "Introduction: Threat Assessment and the Prevention of Targeted School Violence"; (2) "Creating Climates of School Safety: A Foundation For Reducing School Violence"; (3) "Key Findings of the Safe School Initiative's Study of Targeted School Violence"; (4) "Implementing a School Threat Assessment Process"; (5) "Conducting a School Threat Assessment"; (6) "Managing a Threatening Situation"; (7) "Action Plans for School Leaders: Creating a Safe and Connected School Climate and Implementing a Threat Assessment Program"; and (8) "Conclusion: Threat Assessment as a Decision-Making Tool". An appendix contains a list of annotated resources. (Contains 24 references and 2 resource Web sites.) (RT)
Descriptors: Conflict Resolution, Crisis Management, Early Intervention, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation, Prevention, School Safety, School Security, Violence
ED Pubs, P.O. Box 1398 Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-470-1244; Web site: http://www.ed.gov. For full text: http://www.ed.gov/offices/OESE/SDFS/threatassessmentguide.pdf.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Department of Education, Washington, DC.; United States Secret Service, Washington, DC.
Note: Developed through the "Safe School Initiative," a collaborative effort of the U.S. Secret Service and the Department of Education (ED), following the Columbine High School attack in April 1999. Companion report to "The Final Report and Finding's of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States."