ERIC Number: ED465883
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Employment and Welfare Reform in the National Survey of America's Families. Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Loprest, Pamela; Wissoker, Douglas
Data from the National Survey of America's Families (NSAF) in 13 states for 1997 and 1999 was used to study how welfare reform policies, mandated by the 1996 passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, affected employment of single mothers with children. The states were Alabama, California, Colorado, Florida, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. The study found that, in general, there were increases in employment consistent with national data that show steadily increasing employment for single women with children over this time period. For high school graduates, an increase of about 5 percent in currently employed single mothers with children and an increase of about 7 percent in weeks worked last year among single mothers in the group of states was recorded. Contrary to expectations, the study also found that individual state welfare-reform policies did not have a differential effect on increases of single mothers previously on welfare finding and keeping employment. The increases were about the same in all 13 states, when accounting for general economic trends. (Contains 13 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Change, Economic Factors, Employed Parents, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Fatherless Family, Females, Mothers, Policy, Policy Formation, Program Effectiveness, State Legislation, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.urban.org/Uploadedpdf/310440.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act