ERIC Number: ED465867
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform: States Provide TANF-Funded Services to Many Low-Income Families Who Do Not Receive Cash Assistance. Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives.
Fagnoni, Cynthia M.; Posner, Paul L.
A study determined the extent to which states spend federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and state maintenance-of-effort (MOE) funds for cash assistance and non-cash services and how this compares to welfare spending in fiscal year (FY) 1995. It also identifed the extent to which states use TANF and MOE funds to provide services to low-income families not included in the reported welfare caseload; data limitations that hamper more complete reporting on such families; and how a downturn in the economy would affect the availability of TANF/MOE-funded benefits and services. Findings indicated the following: (1) the focus of welfare spending shifted from monthly cash payments to services; (2) nationwide, between FY1995-2000, state expenditures for cash assistance decreased from 71 to 43 percent of total welfare spending; (3) states used TANF/MOE funds to provide services to other low-income families; (4) data that states collect and report on families receiving services had many limitations that restrict their usefulness in producing a full count of all families served with TANF/MOE funds; and (5) the impact of an economic downturn on funding for work support programs was unclear and would depend on such factors as extent to which welfare caseloads increase, whether states have TANF reserves available, and the budgetary decisions states make to address the costs associated with increased caseloads. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Economic Change, Employment Programs, Family Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Low Income, Low Income Groups, State Programs, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount). Web site: http://www.gao.gov. For full text: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02564.pdf.
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families