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ERIC Number: ED465795
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Development and Validation of a Measure of Relational Leadership.
Carifio, James; Eyemaro, Bennie
This study reports the development and validation of the Relational Leadership Questionnaire (RLQ). The consensus attributes of relational leadership are that the relational leader is caring, empowering, ethical, inclusive, and has vision. For each of these five attributes, 10 Likert items were written using a 7-point response scale. These 50 items were administered to 141 high school teachers. Five factors were found for the RLQ, and the 5 items with the highest factor loadings for each attribute were retained for the confirmatory study. A confirmatory study was done with 434 elementary, middle, and high school teachers who responded to the Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) scale (R. Liden and J. Maslyn, 1998), the known marker scale, and Mayers trust scale (R. Mayer and others, 1999). The hypothesized correlations with the LMX and trust scales were obtained as were the expected factor structures. The RLQ was in general validated, but gender, teaching level, and teaching experience were found to influence factor structure and scores on all three instruments significantly. The meaning and implications of these findings are discussed as they are important to both research on and theories of leadership. (Contains 12 tables and 15 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A