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ERIC Number: ED465777
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Pages: 50
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Dewey's Disciples: "Progressive" Reformers in a Conservative New South.
Allen, Louise Anderson
The educational philosophy of John Dewey converted a number of educators who became his disciples. This paper focuses on four female educators who followed Dewey's teachings in schools in the U.S. South and some other Southern Progressive schools based on Dewey's principles. Dewey's philosophy of a child-centered education rooted in a school community was a major influence in the work of Celestia Susannah Parrish at the Muscogee Elementary School in Georgia. Parrish studied with Dewey in 1898 and 1988 and brought his principles to Georgia. Marietta Pierce Johnson, born during the Civil War, was another educator who drew on Dewey's work in her School of Organic Education in Alabama. Else Ripley Clapp had more sustained professional involvement with Dewey, and brought his ideas to schools in Kentucky and West Virginia. Grace Bigelow House came to Penn School on the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina and transformed it through the ideas of John Dewey. Several settlement schools based on the ideas of John Dewey and Jane Addams served as links between the rural poor and the educational reformers who came South in the early 20th century. As unlike as these four women were, all shared one practice that represents a serious failing for progressive educators. All four schools were segregated, and all, even the Penn School, where all the students were African American, had a Eurocentric curriculum. (Contains 103 endnotes.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A