ERIC Number: ED465754
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Changing Competence Perceptions, Changing Values: Implications for Youth Sport.
Rodriguez, Daniel; Wigfield, Allan; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.
This study analyzed change in sport competence beliefs, perceived value of athletics, and self-esteem, employing a 3-year longitudinal sample of children. Data came from a 10-year longitudinal study of the development and socialization of children's competence-related beliefs, valuing of different achievement activities, and self-esteem. The study proposed that student valuing of athletics would decrease linearly and in proportion to decreases in athletic competence beliefs, whereas self-esteem would remain stable over the same 3-year period. It also proposed that the slope and intercept variances of athletic competence beliefs, valuing of athletics, and self-esteem would be significant. Participants were 865 elementary students who completed questionnaires each spring measuring their competence beliefs and subject task values about math and reading, instrumental music, and sports, as well as other constructs including self-esteem. Data analysis indicated that the declines in both sport competence beliefs and the value of athletics over the 3-year period were statistically significant. As students learned they were not as competent athletically as they once believed, they may have compensated for the decline with a proportional decline in the perceived value of athletics. The hypothesis that self-esteem would remain stable received only mixed support. (Contains 54 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A