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ERIC Number: ED465485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1020-0800
The Head of the Dragon: Comprehensive Rural Primary Education Reform Project, Jilin, China. Education for All: Making It Work. Innovation Series.
Ordonez, Victor; Montana, Constanza
Jilin is a rural province in northeastern China, known for its forests and forest products such as ginseng. In the past, Jilin's schools focused on preparing students for higher education and offered little of relevance to most rural students. In addition, the schools were understaffed and were managed by a remote, centralized bureaucracy. In 1987, a project was launched to improve schooling and link it to agricultural production and the economic needs of families, communities, and the province. Jilin education officials used initial funding from UNESCO to develop curricula and supplementary materials and to expand teacher training and community participation in 12 pilot elementary schools. The project introduced school-based management by a committee of educators, parents, and community leaders; developed a locally relevant, practical curriculum that included hands-on experiences in agriculture and daily living skills; and greatly expanded teacher training to align with the new curriculum and used professionals and other specialists as temporary instructors. Today, the program has expanded to 146 schools without additional UNESCO funding and is expected to spread throughout the province. Academic skills have improved dramatically, students cultivate ginseng and many high-production crops, and some schools have set up small businesses. Features that have contributed to this program's extraordinary success and expansion are discussed. (Contains photographs.) (SV)
UNESCO, 7 place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France Tel: 33-1-45-68-10-29; Fax: 33-1-45-68-56-24; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.
Note: Photographs and 6 pages with background graphics may not reproduce adequately. Available in English and French."&"For Number 12 in this series, see ED 425 045.