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ERIC Number: ED465480
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Oct
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
No Need To Study for Your Social Class--Education and Gender in West Virginia.
Weaver, Susan J. Marnell
West Virginia's philosophy toward equality of opportunity differed from that of southern states. Gender roles in West Virginia were unique to Scottish and Irish settlers; men were warriors and women did such heavy work as clearing fields, slaughtering, and cutting forests. Early settlers in other southern states such as Virginia were from southern England, where the role of women was as property of males. Many institutions of learning were established in West Virginia to ensure universal opportunity. Some were coed and some were separate opportunities, but total lack of opportunities became rare by the early 19th century. Many of these institutions were owned and operated by women. Uniformity of opportunity was more apparent after West Virginia attained statehood in 1863. The emphasis on education and equality also led to opportunity for people of color. Some schools integrated long before the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Topeka, Kansas decision. There were three colleges for African Americans in West Virginia in the 19th century, and there were two high schools for African Americans in an era when high school education was relatively rare. The high school in Parkersburg was one of two south of the Mason-Dixon Line that had a black principal. After education came under the control of coal companies and out-of-state capitalists, education came to reflect the patriarchal attitudes of major out-of-state exploiters of West Virginia resources. (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: West Virginia