ERIC Number: ED465470
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
What Happens When the School Year Is Over? The Use and Costs of Child Care for School-Age Children during the Summer Months. Occasional Paper. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Program To Assess Changing Social Politics.
Capizzano, Jeffrey; Adelman, Sarah; Stagner, Matthew
This study examined child care patterns during the summer months among 6- to 12-year-old children with employed parents or primary caretakers. Using interview data from the 1999 National Survey of Americas Families, the study analyzed two key aspects of summer child care: the types of arrangements for school-age children and the amount families with school-age children spend on child care. The study divided child care arrangements into three categories: supervised arrangements, self-care, and parent/other (e.g., parents working at home, or use of lessons, clubs or other activities not usually thought of as childcare). Data showed both the percentage of families using each kind of care and the time spent in child care. Arrangements were considered for children ages 6 to 9 and 10 to 12. Data on arrangements and costs were also disaggregated by family income. The study found that nearly three-quarters of all school-age children with employed primary caretakers are in supervised child care during the summer. The summer months see a large increase in care by relatives and in the time spent in organized care. Average summer child care expenses for higher-income families were found to be more than twice the average spent by lower-income families. One surprising finding is that low-income families spend less on child care during the summer than during the school year. Based on the findings, it was recommended that policymakers be aware of seasonal patterns of child care and evaluate summer child care programs. Three appendices provide tabular data. (KK)
Descriptors: Advantaged, Child Care, Child Caregivers, Children, Economically Disadvantaged, Elementary Education, Employed Parents, Latchkey Children, Low Income, Summer Programs
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For full text: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310497 OP58.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Kaiser Foundation, Oakland, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.; Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.