ERIC Number: ED465412
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
The Development of Children's Motivation in the Homeschool Setting.
Apostoleris, Nicholas H.
This study examined factors related to intrinsic motivation for learning and psychological need fulfillment in the home-school setting. Participating in the study were 60 families who home-schooled at least 1 child between ages 6 and 16. Families were recruited directly at meetings of home-schooling groups in Massachusetts. Parents were interviewed in their homes. The parent and participating child separately completed questionnaires; questionnaires were read aloud to younger children. Intrinsic motivation for learning was operationalized as the sum of subscales from the Scale of Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Orientation in the Classroom, with items adapted for home rather than classroom education. These subscales included preference for challenge, curiosity/interest, independent mastery, independent judgment, and internal criteria for success. The child's personality was assessed using a four-factor measure of personality (agreeableness, intellect, extroversion, neuroticism). The degree to which psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness were being fulfilled was measured through child questionnaires. Findings indicated that parental supportiveness of autonomy was related with the child's intrinsic motivation for learning, as was the child's intellect personality factor score, the number of years the child had been home-schooled, and the child's age. Environmental conditions marked by high levels of autonomy supportiveness and support for perceived relatedness were associated with higher levels of children's psychological need fulfillment, as were high scores on the intellect personality factors. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Albuquerque, NM, April 15-18, 1999).