ERIC Number: ED465284
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Language Use at Home and School: A Synthesis of Research for Pacific Educators. Research Series.
Brown, Zoe Ann; Hammond, Ormond W.; Onikama, Denise L.
This publication reviews research findings on selected aspects of home and school language usage in the Pacific region, which is a multilingual context with English as the common language. Patterns of indigenous and English language vary considerably across geographical areas. Traditional cultures and languages are changing rapidly. The wide variation in language environments leads to educational policies and practices that use a complex array of English and vernacular language. Language minority students lag behind others in overall school performance. Parents may overuse English, their weaker language at home, because they worry about insufficient exposure, though they should really communicate in their stronger language. Homes provide a rich environment for language learning. Public sentiment affects language usage in the Pacific. Current research supports use of students' vernacular language in school and highlights the advantage of proficiency in two languages. Research also suggests there are two types of language proficiency (basic interpersonal communication skills and cognitive academic language proficiency). Instructional models for teaching English language learners include structured immersion, transitional bilingual, bilingual immersion, and two-way bilingual programs. Schools should work to include families and home cultures, help children learn new rules of communication, and integrate school and community. (Contains 103 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Communication Skills, Cultural Awareness, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Immersion Programs, Language Acquisition, Language Minorities, Language of Instruction, Language Proficiency, Language Usage, Parents, Public Opinion, Second Language Learning
Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 500, Honolulu, HI 96813-4321. Tel: 808-533-6000; Fax: 808-533-7599; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.prel.hawaii.edu
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, HI.