ERIC Number: ED465138
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001
A Developmental Perspective on Alcohol and Other Drug Use during Adolescence and the Transition to Young Adulthood. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper.
Schulenberg, John; Maggs, Jennifer L.
This paper offers a developmental perspective on college drinking by focusing on broad developmental themes during adolescence and the transition to young adulthood. Heavy drinking increases during the transition to college, with significant interindividual variation in the course and consequences. The majority of young people make it through these years with, on balance, more positive than negative experiences with alcohol, but some experience tragic consequences and others develop chronic problems of abuse and dependence. The transition to college is a critical developmental transition, with major individual and contextual change in every domain of life leading to the potential for discontinuity and change in functioning and adjustment. Normative developmental transitions of adolescence and young adulthood are reviewed, focusing specifically on fundamental biological and cognitive changes; transitions of identity; changes in affiliations with the family of origin, peers, and romantic partners; and achievement transitions related to school and work. These transitions offer important vantage points for examining increasing (and decreasing) substance use and other health risks during adolescence and young adulthood. Final sections review research and policy implications, including broad implications for developmental interventions and more specific recommendations for alcohol-specific programming. (Contains 279 references, 3 tables, and 2 figures.) (Author/GCP)
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, College Students, Developmental Stages, Drinking, Drug Use, Higher Education, Program Development, Student Adjustment, Young Adults
Monitoring the Future, Inst. for Social Research, Univ. of Michigan, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.
Note: Also funded by the Alcoholic Beverage Medical Research Foundation.