ERIC Number: ED465060
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Work-Life Balance in the New Millennium: Where Are We? Where Do We Need To Go? CPRN Discussion Paper.
Duxbury, Linda; Higgins, Chris
The effects of three types of work-life conflict in Canada were examined by using data from a set of work and family studies that were conducted in 1991 and 2001. The studies focused on the effects of the following types of conflict: (1) work overload; (2) work-to-family interference (where work gets in the way of family); and (3) family-to-work interference (where family gets in the way of work). The findings were deemed representative of the population of employees working for medium and large public and private organizations in Canada. The following are among the key findings emerging from an analysis of both datasets: (1) work-life conflict increased markedly during the 1990s; (2) parenthood remains more difficult for women than for men; (3) work-life conflict has a negative impact on organizational performance and on employees; (4) employees with high work-life conflict make more use of Canada's health care system; (5) role overload increases when role demands accumulate; and (6) work-to-family interference increases when role demands conflict. The study yielded 27 recommendations for employers, employees and their families, unions, and governments. A list of 37 publications documenting the 1991 study is appended. (Contains 65 references, 26 tables/figures, and 21 endnotes.) (MN)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Employed Parents, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Practices, Family Work Relationship, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Job Performance, Life Satisfaction, Mothers, National Surveys, Organizational Change, Organizational Climate, Organizational Effectiveness, Performance Factors, Policy Formation, Productivity, Public Policy, Quality of Life, Role Conflict, Sex Differences, Trend Analysis, Work Attitudes, Work Environment
For full text: http://www.cprn.com/docs/work/wlb_e.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Human Resources Development Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Canadian Policy Research Networks Inc., Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada