ERIC Number: ED465036
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Making Work Pay for Public Housing Residents: Financial-Incentive Designs at Six Jobs-Plus Demonstration Sites.
Miller, Cynthia; Riccio, James A.
The Jobs-Plus Community Revitalization Initiative for Public Housing Families, which is a national demonstration project in six cities, is testing ways to increase employment among public housing residents by combining changes in rent rules and other financial work incentives with employment and training services and social supports for work. The incentives being tested at each Jobs-Plus site were examined to identify how they can increase residents' net incomes and influence their decisions about work. The study documented that Jobs-Plus builds upon recent changes in welfare rules and the Earned Income Tax Credit by introducing flat or fixed rent steps, rents based on a lower percentage of income, lowering ceiling rents, rent credits, and escrow accounts. The importance of communicating all available financial supports for work to Jobs-Plus clients was emphasized. Across all housing developments and for a range of family circumstances, the Jobs-Plus rent rules gave residents more incentive to not only accept employment but also to choose full-time over part-time jobs and advance into higher-wage jobs than they had under the traditional rules. Jobs-Plus may have encouraged some residents, particularly second earners in two-parent families, to reduce their work hours. (Contains 36 notes, 25 references, 11 tables, and 10 figures.) (MN)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Demonstration Programs, Eligibility, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Incentives, Policy Formation, Program Effectiveness, Public Housing, Public Policy, Tax Credits, Welfare Services, Work Attitudes, Working Poor
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016 ($12). Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.aa.psiweb.com/Reports2002/JobsPlus Financ ial/jp financial.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Department of Labor, Washington, DC.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; Surdna Foundation, Inc., New York, NY.; Northwest Area Foundation, St. Paul, MN.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Open Society Inst., New York, NY.; Instituto Nacional de Pedagogia (Mexico).; Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; New York Times Foundation, NY.; BP America, Cleveland, OH.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Earned Income Tax Credit