ERIC Number: ED465035
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Jobs First: Final Report on Connecticut's Welfare Reform Initiative. Summary Report.
Bloom, Dan; Scrivener, Susan; Michalopoulos, Charles; Morris, Pamela; Hendra, Richard; Adams-Ciardullo, Diana; Walter, Johanna
Connecticut's Jobs First program was subjected to a rigorous, large-scale evaluation. During the evaluation, nearly 5,000 single-parent welfare applicants and recipients in 2 cities were randomly assigned to Jobs First or to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) group. Each group's progress was compared over a 4-year period. The following were among the key findings: (1) at the study's end, 51% of the Jobs First enrollees were working and off welfare versus 42% of the AFDC group; (2) Jobs First enrollees earned 7% more than did their AFDC counterparts; (3) although families in both groups received about the same amount in welfare payments at the end of the 4-year period, the Jobs First families averaged 6% more in income from public assistance and earnings; (4) just over half of the Jobs First recipients reached their benefits time limit, and about two-thirds received at least one 6-month extension; and (5) Jobs First generated some small improvements in the behavior of participants' young children but had mixed effects on adolescents. It was concluded that, at least when the economy is exceptionally strong and most nonworking recipients are granted benefits extensions, time limits on welfare receipt can be implemented without widespread severe consequences for families. (Contains 17 notes, 8 tables, and 3 figures.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Comparative Analysis, Family Income, Family Life, Family Problems, Family Work Relationship, One Parent Family, Program Effectiveness, State Programs, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016 ($8). Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.aa.psiweb.com/Reports2002/CT JobsFirst/CT JobsFirstSummaryReport.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Connecticut State Dept. of Social Services, Hartford.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; New York Times Co., NY.; Surdna Foundation, Inc., New York, NY.; Open Society Inst., New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: Connecticut
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children