ERIC Number: ED464986
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
How Effective Is the British Government's Attempt To Reduce Child Poverty? CASEpaper.
Piachaud, David; Sutherland, Holly
The new Labour Government in Britain has made the reduction of child poverty one of its central objectives. This paper describes the specific initiatives involved in Labour's approach and weighs them in terms of their potential impact. After setting out the extent of the problem of child poverty, the causes are discussed, and Britain's problem is set in an international perspective. The impact on child poverty of policies designed to raise incomes directly is analyzed using micro-simulation modeling. A major emphasis of current policy is on the promotion of paid work, and the paper explores the potential for poverty reduction of increasing the employment of parents. It finds that at its maximum, increasing paid work could roughly double the reduction in child poverty achieved by tax and benefit policies alone, a combined decrease of 1.85 million children in poverty. However, a more realistic forecast of increases in parental employment suggests that the number of children in poverty may be reduced by one million by 2002. The policies that address long-term disadvantage are also discussed, the whole program is assessed, and future strategy is considered. (Contains 26 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Employed Parents, Employment Programs, Family Income, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Poverty, Public Policy, Social Services, Tax Credits
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, England, United Kingdom. Tel: 44 020 7955 6679; Fax: 44 020 7955 6951; e-mail: email@example.com. For full text: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/Case.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic and Social Research Council, Lancaster (England).
Authoring Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (England). Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom