ERIC Number: ED464969
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Do Nonresident Fathers Who Pay Child Support Visit Their Children More? New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-44. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Koball, Heather; Principe, Desiree
This brief examines the relationship between increased child support enforcement and frequency of visitation between children and their nonresident fathers. Data come from the 1997 and 1999 National Survey of America's Families. The study emphasizes children of single mothers because children in such households face the greatest risk of long-term poverty. The study documents the frequency with which nonresident fathers visit their children and notes factors associated with more frequent contact between nonresident fathers and their children. It compares changes in frequency of visitation among families who are likely and unlikely to use child support enforcement services. Results find that children in poverty are particularly likely to live with single mothers and to see their nonresident fathers infrequently or never. Children with support orders who receive payments have more frequent contact with their nonresident fathers. Children born out of wedlock are less likely to visit their fathers than are children born in wedlock. Children born out of wedlock experienced increased visitation following implementation of the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act; however, this was true regardless of whether they were likely to use child support enforcement services. (Contains 14 references.) (SM)
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Child Support Enforcement; Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act