ERIC Number: ED464965
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Market-Based Reforms in Urban Education.
Ladd, Helen F.
This paper is for policymakers, advocates, and analysts who understand that the issues surrounding the introduction of more market-based mechanisms into education are complex and who accept the view that evidence is useful in sorting out the issues. It uses the market framework of demand, supply, and market pricing to organize the extensive but disparate evidence on the effects of market-based reforms in the United States, Chile, and New Zealand. It critically examines the relevant evidence on how choice and competition affect educational outcomes, especially for urban schools. It provides guidance to policymakers on all sides of this complex issue. After an introduction that examines the market framework and policy implications, four chapters discuss (1) "Demand: Parental Choice" (e.g., choice and competition, adverse impacts on schools left behind, and non-market arguments for expanding choice); (2) "Supply: Providing More Options within the Public School System" (e.g., site-based management and charter schools and education management organizations); (3) "Supply: Public Funding for Private Schools" (e.g., private elementary and high schools and the relative costs of private schools); and (4) "Market Prices and Alternative Mechanisms" (market prices and teacher labor markets). (Contains 63 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Competition, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Labor Market, Private Schools, Public Schools, School Based Management, School Choice, Supply and Demand, Urban Education
Economic Policy Institute, 1660 L Street, N.W., Suite 1200, Washington, DC 20036 ($9.95). Web site: http://www.epinet.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Economic Policy Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Chile; New Zealand